Grades 4, 5 & 6

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Grades 4, 5 & 6 2017-04-27T00:29:59+00:00

The Upper Elementary curriculum is built upon the foundation laid in the early and lower elementary classrooms.  New materials are introduced as the child moves from concrete to abstract thinking.  The curriculum is integrated, individualized, academically challenging and meets the developmental needs of each child, intellectually, socially, physically and emotionally.  The students experience individual, small and large group lessons and projects. Children build time lines, record science experiments, research and present written reports and projects and learn computer skills.  Field trips that relate to areas of study are scheduled to enhance the child’s learning experience.  It is through these experiences  that each child learns to navigate and respond effectively in life.

A young girl putting together a puzzle on the floor

Practical Life

Care  of Oneself

  • Nutrition
  • Personal Hygiene
  • Sewing

Care of the Environment

  • Student Jobs
  • Classroom Management
  • Cooking

Grace & Courtesy

  • Active Listening
  • Manners

Skills  Developing

  • Reasoning
  • Forming Judgments
  • Sense of Responsibility
  • Self-Advocacy Skills
  • Cultural Awareness
  • Leadership
  • Inner Discipline
  • Money Management

Science

Physical Science

  • Three States of Mater
  • Motion & Forces
  • Atoms, Periodic Table, Chemical Bonds, Molecules
  • Electricity
  • Physics
  • Simple Machines
  • Chemistry

Life Science

  • Five Kingdom Classification
  • Review of Five Kingdom Classification Followed by Research of Kingdoms

Botany

  • Classification of Kingdom Plantae
  • Vital Functions of the Plant (second level)
  • Research of ‘Classes’ in Kingdom Plantae
  • Research the Genealogy of Plant

Zoology

  • Vital Functions, Comparative Study:
  • Nervous System
  • Reproduction
  • Circulation
  • Respiration
  • Nutrition
  • Skeletal
  • Animals
  • Chordates vs. Nonchordates
  • Tracing the Genealogy of an Animal
  • Adaptations/Biomes/Food Chains
  • Predator/Prey

Human Anatomy

  • Introduction to the Cell, Genetics, and Systems of the Human Body
  • Skeletal
  • Muscular
  • Respiratory
  • Circulatory
  • Digestive
  • Reproductive
  • Excretory
  • Nervous
  • Endocrine

Tree of Life

  • Taxonomy of All Living Organisms

Research

  • Scientific Experiments: Writing, Performing, Evaluating
  • Nature Walks/Observations/Field Studies

Geology

  • Properties of Rocks & Minerals
  • Land Forms

Language

Great Lesson

  • The Story of Language

Reading  & Literature

  • Build Vocabulary & Word Recognition
  • Interpret Authors Intent And Motivation of Characters
  • Consider Different Perspectives on Historical Event, Cultures
  • Make Connections to Real Life and Compare & Contrast Literature
  • Cite Textual Evidence to Support Analysis

Oral Interpretation

  • Public Speaking
  • Oral Presentations

Writing

  • Writing Mechanics
  • Creative Writing
  • Analyze & Critique Persuasive Position
  • Multi-Paragraph Essays
  • Editing Process

Parts of Speech

  • Advanced Functions of Words
  • Apply Rules for Verb Conjugation

Sentence Analysis

  • Complex & Compound Sentences
  • Identify the Subject, Predicate, Construct & Diagram Sentences

Word Study/Punctuation

  • Identify & Classify Words by Etymology
  • Correctly Punctuate Writing
  • Proper Mechanic Usage

History

Review of Timeline of Life

  • Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic, & Neozoic Eras
  • Timeline of Early Humans
  • Significance & Characteristics of Early Humans, Beginning with Australopithecus
  • Timeline of:
  • Lower Paleolithic Age
  • Upper Paleolithic Age
  • Introduction to Early Civilizations
  • History Timelines
  • Fundamental Needs of Humans
  • Chart

American History

  • American History Timelines
  • Three Branches of Government
  • U.S. Presidents
  • Pledge of Allegiance
  • Michigan History

Study of Civilizations

  • What are the Characteristics of Civilization
  • History of Question Charts
  • Study of a Civilization (research)
  • Archaeology/Anthropology
  • Growth of Culture, Migration, Exploration

Mathematics

Great Lesson

  • The Story of Numbers

Whole Numbers and Numeration

  • Complete All Whole Number Operations (including long multiplication & division abstractly)
  • Review:
  • Hierarchical Values
  • Expanded Notation
  • Comparison
  • Rounding
  • Estimating

Multiples

  • Greatest Common Factor
  • Least Common Multiple
  • Prime
  • Composite Numbers
  • Using Prime Factorization

Problem Solving Skills

  • Commutative, Associative & Distributive Operations
  • Rules of Divisibility
  • Review Odd & Even Numbers

Fractions

  • Review Concept, Equivalence
  • Types of Fractions, Including Proper, Improper and Mixed
  • Operations Using & Reducing Fractions

Decimals

  • Equivalency, Comparing, Ordering, and Renaming Fractions as Decimals; Learning All Four Operations Abstractly

Measurement

  • Non-Standard, Standard Units of Measurement

Ratio & Percent

  • Ratios as Fractions, Decimals, & Percentages
  • Percentages as Fractions, as Decimals, Percent of Number

Statistics & Probability

  • Understand Mean, Medium, Range, Mode, Frequency & Tree Diagrams

Graphs

  • Reading & Constructing Pictographs
  • Bar Graphs & Line Graphs

Algebra Readiness

  • Power of Numbers, Squaring, Cubing, Bases
  • Binomials & Trinomials
  • Pre-Algebra
  • Square Roots, Integers, Negative Numbers

Geometry

Geometry continues to be taught with Montessori manipulatives and tactile demonstrations. Emphasis is placed on connecting the physical experience with understanding of the abstract concept.

Geography

Political Geography

  • Map Skills:
  • Imaginary Lines
  • Equator
  • Latitude
  • Longitude
  • Political
  • Physical
  • Road Maps

Introductory Lesson: The Story of the Universe

  • Imaginary Island
  • Functional Geography
  • Astronomy:
  • Black Holes
  • Galaxies
  • Life Cycle of a Star (Sun)
  • Composition of the Earth
  • Further Studies of the Lithosphere including Continental Drift
  • Mountain Building
  • Faults
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Work of Wind:
  • Winds
  • Winds & Seasons
  • Rain Caused by Winds
  • Ocean Currents
  • Erosion
  • Energy
  • Work of Water:
  • Work of Rivers
  • Rain
  • Work of Oceans
  • Glaciers
  • Water Cycle

Mathematics & Geometry

Numbers 1-10

  • One to One Correspondence
  • Numerical Names
  • Quantity to Symbol
  • Sequencing
  • Writing Numbers

The Decimal System

  • Place Value
  • Using 0 as a Place Holder
  • Exchanging

Operations and Math Facts

  • Addition
  • Multiplication
  • Division
  • Subtraction

Linear & Skip Counting

  • Place Value
  • Tens
  • Teens
  • Greater Than/Less Than

Supplemental Math:

  • Fractions
  • Time
  • Money
  • Graphing

Art & Music Appreciation

Art

Creative Expression

  • Creation of More Complex Works with Greater Attention to Expressive Intentions
  • Use of Design Concepts for Specific Purposes

Art History

  • Study of Select Styles, Historical Eras & Specific Artists

Art Criticism

  • Perception & Description of the Subject Matter, including Visual Elements and Mood
  • Expression of Opinions about Art w/ Thoughtful Response to Others’ Opinions

Music

  • Rhythm
  • Elements of Music
  • Exposure to Music from Various Cultures & Time Periods
  • Reading and Writing Musical Notation
  • Identifying Basic principles of Meter, Rhythm and Tonality
  • Understanding How to Perform:
  • Sing
  • Play Instruments